Hire employees in Bulgaria. No entity needed.
Usually, to hire in Bulgaria, your business needs an entity. That means a local office, an address registered as a subsidiary, and an account with a local bank. All of this, plus navigating regional benefits, payroll, tax, and HR laws, can take months.
Bulgaria also treats contractors differently than full-time employees, so misclassifying a contractor could lead to fines. Deel lets you hire employees in Bulgaria quickly, easily, and compliantly. We even automate tax document collection, payroll, benefits, and more.
All the necessary benefits for Bulgaria
built right in
Deel allows you to provide localized benefits for employees in Bulgaria within minutes. All in one manageable online dashboard.
- Work Accident Insurance
- Private Healthcare - Unisure (optional)
Our quickstart guide to hiring in Bulgaria
Navigate the tabs below to learn everything you need to know about hiring an employee in Bulgaria
Minimum Wage Requirements
Individual Income Tax
The individual income tax is a flat rate of 10%.
Note: apart from this income tax, employees will have to contribute 13.78% to Social Security.
The employer cost is generally estimated between 9-20% of the employee's salary.
- Pension Fund - 13.72%
- Health Insurance - 4.80%
- Occupational Accident and Disease Fund - 0.50%
- Labor Safety Company Insurance - BGN 25,00
Overtime Pay & Maximum Hours
Pregnant employees, who have worked for 12 consecutive months are entitled to 410 days of paid leave. The employee must take 45 days before the child's birth and 45 days after the birth. The remaining days can be taken at the employee’s discretion until the child is two years old.
The employee will receive different compensation during this period depending on when the leave was taken. The National Insurance Institute is responsible for payment and will directly pay the employee.
|Period (Child’s Age)||Pay||Payer|
|0 - 1 year||90% of salary||National Insurance Institute|
|1 - 2 years||BGN 380,00 per month||National Insurance Institute|
Employees, who have worked for 12 months, are entitled to 15 days of paid paternity leave. The employee will receive 90% of their salary during this period paid directly by the National Insurance Institute.
The employee can extend leave an additional 6 months which is unpaid.
In Bulgaria, no law covers parental leave. However, employees may be entitled to maternity leave and paternity leave. Employees can extend leaves by:
- Transferring maternity leave, including cash benefits, to the partner after six months of leave.
- Requesting Raising Child Benefits that the National Insurance Institute will cover.
In Bulgaria pay for sick leave is determined and made in two ways:
1. The employer pays for the first three days of sick leave at approximately 70% of the salary
2. From the 4th consecutive sick day onward, sick leave is paid by the government (NSSI National Social Security Institute). Pay for those days is 80% of the average daily income from the last 18 months.
Employees are entitled to paid sick leave for up to 180 days. Sick leave can be extended beyond 180 if the employee is evaluated by a Special Medical Commission (ТЕЛК).
Terminations must respect complex rules and the rules of an employee’s employment country. The off-boarding is always handled by the Employer with the primary stakeholders. It may include ad-hoc fees as well as required or recommended steps on specific termination cases.
Terminations in Bulgaria can be complex. There is no at-will termination and it is not possible to terminate a contract without cause.
Compliant terminations include:
- Voluntarily by the employee
- By mutual agreement
- Unilaterally by the employer based on:
- Probation period
- Disciplinary dismissal
- Business closure
- Reduction of work.
- By the expiration of the contract
Untaken holidays must be paid out upon termination as well as any unpaid commission or bonuses.
Severance for Employees
In Bulgaria, employees are entitled to severance pay. Severance pay varies according to the grounds on which the agreement is terminated:
- The employer closes the entity or reduces the staff: one-month severance must be paid.
- The employer terminates the employment relationship due to health issues, or risk to the health of the employee if they work for at least five years: two months of severance must be paid.
- The employee reached the age of retirement:
- Length of employment is less than 10 years: three months of severance
- Length of employment is 10 or more years: six months of severance
- The contract is terminated against payment of compensation by mutual agreement on the initiative of the employer: at least four months of severance must be paid.
- The employer terminates the contract without providing the proper notice: three months of severance pay.
To protect you from unforeseen financial risks arising from terminations, Deel applies a Severance Accrual to all employment agreements in this country. Deel has extensive expertise in managing litigation risk globally and our Severance Accrual calculation is based on the prevailing common-law or statutory entitlements and local best practices. In the event your employee resigns or is not entitled to severance, all unused amounts will be returned to you.
Paid Time Off
Both full-time and part-time employees are entitled to 20 days of paid time off (PTO) a year. PTO accrues monthly 1.67 days per month.
If a part-time employee works less than four hours per day, the PTO will be calculated proportionally to the time worked.
Bulgaria celebrates 13 public holidays per year. These include:
- New Year's Day
- Bulgaria Liberation Day
- Good Friday
- Labour Day
- Orthodox Easter
- Orthodox Easter Monday
- Day of Slavonic Alphabet, Bulgarian Enlightenment, and Culture
- Unification Day
- Independence Day
- Eastern Orthodox Christmas Eve
- Orthodox Christmas Day
- 2nd Day of Christmas
Employment Contract Details
Contracts must be in Bulgarian and can be bilingual. They must be in writing and signed by both parties. A contract must include:
- Start date
- Length of the employment
- Job description based on the national code of the National Jobs Classificatory Database
- Termination conditions
- Years of service
Hiring in Bulgaria, hassle-free
With Deel, your business can easily hire employees in Bulgaria. No more worrying about local laws, complex tax systems, or managing
international payroll. Deel takes care of everything in 150+ countries.
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