Turkish Lira (TRY)
Hire employees in Turkey. No entity needed.
Usually, to hire in Turkey, your business needs an entity. That means a local office, an address registered as a subsidiary, and an account with a local bank. All of this, plus navigating regional benefits, payroll, tax, and HR laws, can take months.
Turkey also treats contractors differently than full-time employees, so misclassifying a contractor could lead to fines. Deel lets you hire employees in Turkey quickly, easily, and compliantly. We even automate tax document collection, payroll, benefits, and more.
All the necessary benefits for Turkey
built right in
Deel allows you to provide localized benefits for employees in Turkey within minutes. All in one manageable online dashboard.
- Private Pension BES
- Minimum Living Allowance
- Private Healthcare - AXA (optional)
Our quickstart guide to hiring in Turkey
Navigate the tabs below to learn everything you need to know about hiring an employee in Turkey
Minimum Wage Requirements
The monthly minimum wage is 10.008.00 TL gross and 8.506.00 net, effective 1 January 2023.
Individual Income Tax
The individual income tax ranges from 15% to 40%. Income tax is calculated according to progressive rates.
|Gross Annual Income in TRY||Tax Rate (%)|
|0 – 32,000||15%|
|32,000 – 70,000||20%|
|70,000 – 250,000||27%|
|250,001 – 800,000||35%|
The employer cost is generally estimated at 17.5% of the employee salary:
- Disability death and retirement - 5.0%
- General Health Insurance - 10.5%
- Unemployment tax - 2.0%
Overtime Pay & Maximum Hours
Pregnant employees are entitled to 16 weeks of paid leave. 8 weeks must be taken before the child's birth, and 8 weeks must be taken after the child's birth. The employee will receive two-thirds (66.67%) of the salary during this period. Social Security Institution will be responsible for this pay given that 90 days of SGK premium has been paid within the last 12 months from the upper limit of SGK premium.
Eight weeks after birth, the employee is given 1.5 hours daily for lactation until the child is 1 year old. These daily 1.5 hours can be used collectively.
The employee can extend leave by means of leave, without receiving salary and without the submission of a medical report.
Employees are entitled to 5 days of paid paternity leave. These 5 days must be taken after the child's birth. The employee will receive 100% of the salary during this period, and the employer will be responsible for this pay.
Legally, the employee cannot extend leave, however, it is based on the employer's discretion.
Employees are entitled to 1 week of paid sick leave. The employee receives an allowance paid by Social Security. Sick leave can be extended but it is unpaid.
Terminations must respect complex rules and the rules of an employee’s employment country. The off-boarding is always handled by the Employer with the primary stakeholders. It may include ad-hoc fees as well as required or recommended steps on specific termination cases.
Terminations in Turkey can be complex. There is no at-will termination in Turkey for employers, outside the probation period, and termination must be done for just cause.
Compliant terminations include:
- Voluntarily by the employee
- By mutual agreement
- Unilaterally by the employer based on:
- Probation period
- Immoral, dishonorable or malicious conduct or other similar behavior
- Medical reasons causing incapacity for job
- Sexual harassment allegations
- Disciplinary dismissal
- By the expiration of the contract
The minimum notice period is 2 weeks and will be increased according to the length of the employment.
- Up to 6 months of employment - 2 weeks of leave
- Between 6 months to 18 months of employment - 4 weeks of leave
- Between 18 months to 36 months of employment - 6 weeks of leave
- Above 36 months of employment - 8 weeks of leave
No notice period is required during probation.
Severance for Employees
In Turkey, all employees who have been with the employer for a minimum of one consecutive year, and those with the annulment of contracts (due to military service, etc.) are eligible for severance pay.
Severance pay is one month’s salary for each year of service (up to a limit of TL 19.982,83).
To protect you from unforeseen financial risks arising from terminations, Deel applies a Severance Accrual to all employment agreements in this country. Deel has extensive expertise in managing litigation risk globally and our Severance Accrual calculation is based on the prevailing common-law or statutory entitlements and local best practices. In the event your employee resigns or is not entitled to severance, all unused amounts will be returned to you.
Paid Time Off
Paid time off (PTO) for both full-time and part-time employees is based on the length of employment. PTO accrues monthly, prorated based on the length of the leave the employee is eligible for. Employees are eligible for annual leave after 12 months of work.
|Years of Employment||Amount of leave (Annually)|
|1-5 years||14 days|
|5+ years||20 days|
|15+ years||26 days|
|For employees below the age of 18, or above the age of 50||20 days|
There is no limit to carry-forward leaves. The leaves can either lapse or they can be paid out.
Turkey celebrates 9 national holidays. National public holidays include:
- New Year's Day
- National Sovereign and Children’s Day
- Labor Day
- Remembrance of Atatürk and Youth Day
- Democracy and National Unity Day
- Victory Day
- Republic’s Day
- Ramadan Holiday
- Eid-al Adha Feasting Holiday
Employment Contract Details
Contracts must be in Turkish and can be bilingual. They must be in writing and signed by both parties.
A contract must include:
- Start date
- Length of the employment
- Hours of work
- Job description
- Compensation and benefits
- Termination conditions
Hiring in Turkey, hassle-free
With Deel, your business can easily hire employees in Turkey. No more worrying about local laws, complex tax systems, or managing
international payroll. Deel takes care of everything in 150+ countries.
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